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Amb (Princely State)

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StateKhyber Pakhtunkhwa
AgencyMalakand Agency
RevenueRs. 314,400 (1931)
Accession31st December 1947
Area585 km2
Privy PurseRs. 15,300
Urdu Nameامب

Present Head/Ruler

Nawab Bahadur SALAHUDDIN KHAN, 10th and present Nawab of Amb (in pretence), Head of the Tanoli Family and Feudal Khan and Jagirdar of Kulai and Badnak (in the Palal Tapa) since 1973, born 18th August 1958, youngest parliamentarian ever to be elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan; elected five times to the National Assembly of Pakistan from 1985 to 1997.

Short History

Nawab of Amb is the head of the Hindwal division of the Tanoli tribe. Amb State comprises the following territories:-

  • The trans-Indus territory, which lies for a few miles on the right bank of the Indus River, opposite the extreme north-west corner of the Badhkak tract in the Haripur Tahsil of the Hazara District, comprises a few villages only, of which Amb is the chief. The major portion of the tract is known as Feudal Tanawal, which lies on the left bank of the Indus and occupies the centre of the western half of the Hazara District. (The State of Phulera comprises the minor portion of Feudal Tanawal).
  • The Chief of Amb occupies a unique position, for he is at once an independent ruler as regards his trans-Indus territory, a feudal chief as regards Feudal Tanawal, and a British subject on account of his tenure of a large jagir and certain lands in the Haripur Tehsil.
  • The status of Feudal Tanawal with reference to the British Government is one of considerable interest. It is governed by Regulation II of 1900, which enacts that except as regards offences punishable under sections 121–180 of the Indian Penal Code (rebellion and sedition) or under sections 301–303 (murder and culpable homicide), or any other offence specified by the written order of the local government, the administration of criminal justice should, in the Amb portion of Feudal Tanawal, vest in the Chief of Amb. The administration of civil justice and the collection of revenue within these tracts are vested in the Chief, and the jurisdiction of ordinary tribunals is excluded.

The Nawab maintains an arms factory at Amb where breach-loading mountain guns (screw pattern), rifles, and ammunition are made by hand.


  • Mir HAIBAT KHAN, Chief of the Hindwal sept of the Tanoli tribe 1800/1803, married and had issue.
    • Mir Hashim Ali Khan (qv)
    • Mir Nuab Khan (qv)
  • Mir HASHIM ALI KHAN, Chief of the Hindwal sept of the Tanoli tribe 1803/1805, he gained supremacy over the Palal Tappa, and subsequently, he and Ahamd Ali Khan Palal, Chief of Palal tappa, married each other’s sisters, Ahmad Ali, however grew jealous of Hashim Ali’s influence, and invited him and his sister, Hashim Ali’s wife, over to his village, massacred him and his followers numbering about 100 men, and sent his sister, the wife of Hashim Ali to Nawab Khan, brother of Hashim Ali, who married her. He was killed in 1805.
  • Mir NUAB KHAN, Chief of the Hindwal sept of the Tanawali tribe 1805/1818, like other chiefs of the Upper Tanawal area, he was a vassal of the Durrani Afghans and payed them tribute whenever they passed on their way to Kashmir, which wasn’t very often and their control was lax; in 1817 or 1818, however, Nuab Khan, who was a sort of freebooter and bandit, stopped an Afghan caravan en route to Kashmir and tried to rob the old lady who was being escorted to Kashmir, as part of this caravan, the caravan escaped and reached Kashmir, and the old lady, who was the mother of Sardar Azim Khan Durrani , Governor of Kashmir, reported the matter to her son, who at once sent a troop to capture Nuab Khan in Hazara, this was done with no difficulty at all, and as a punishment, Nuab Khan was sown up in a buffalo’s hide and thrown into the Indus, where he drowned, married (amongst others), the sister of Ahmad Ali Khan Palal, Chief of Palal tappa (widow of his brother, Hashim Ali Khan, see above), and had issue. He was killed in 1818.
    • Mir Painda Khan (qv)
    • Mir Madad Khan, Khan of Phulera, received from his brother, Phulera of 88 km², a small principality to rule, which was later duly recognized as a Princely State in gazette notifications in 1919 and 1921, married and had issue. He died 1878.
      • Khan Abdullah Khan, Khan of Phulera, married and had issue. He died 1888.
        • Khan Abdulrahman Khan, Khan of Phulera, married and had issue. He died 1897.
          • Khan Muhammed Khan, Khan of Phulera, born 1879, died 1935.
          • Khan Ata Muhammed Khan, Khan of Phulera. His descendants live in Mansehra quite destitute, due to extensive litigation, and there appears to be no recognized head of this branch of the family.
  • Mir PAINDA KHAN, Chief of the Hindwal sept of the Tanawali tribe 1818/1843, when his father was captured by the vengeful Afghans, he escaped across the Indus into tribal territory and did not dare return until 1820-21, when the Sikhs had taken over Hazara from the Afghans; afterwards he was able to establish overall dominion and power in the 1830’s; he vigorously opposed the Sikhs, but lost all his territory to them, except for the tract around Amb, married and had issue. He died 1843.
    • Nawab Jahandad Khan (qv)
  • Nawab JAHANDAD KHAN, Nawab of Amb 1843/1858 or 1840/1868 or 1844/1868, recovered part of the lost territiories with the help of the British Government and the Maharaja of Kashmir, he was granted the territory of Amb in reward for his loyalty in 1857-58; married and had issue. He died 1858.
    • Nawab Bahadur Sir Muhammed Akram Khan (qv)
  • Nawab Bahadur Sir MUHAMMED AKRAM KHAN K.C.S.I., Nawab of Amb 1858/1907, born 1849, Nawab [cr.1868], Nawab Bahadur [cr.1868] (personal), at the same time he received a cash allowance of 500Rs per month, C.S.I. [cr.1871], K.C.S.I. [cr.1889], he also enjoys a jagir of the annual value of 9,000Rs in the Haripur tahsil of Hazara District, he had the fort at Shergarh constructed, along with Dogah and Shahkot Forts; married and had issue. He died 1907.
    • Nawabzada Muhammed Afzal Khan
    • Nawab Bahadur Sir Khan-i-Zaman Khan (qv)
  • Nawab Bahadur Sir KHAN-i-ZAMAN KHAN K.C.I.E., Nawab of Amb 1907/1936, born 1877, succeeded to the gaddi 5th January 1907, K.C.I.E. [cr.1921], he was granted the title of Nawab Bahadur in 1921, he helped the British in carrying out the later Black Mountain (Kala Dhaka/Tor Ghar) expeditions; married and had issue. He died 26th February 1936.
    • Nawab Muhammed Farid Khan (qv)
    • Nawabzada Aurangzeb Khan, born 19th April 1907
    • Nawabzada Haidar Zaman Khan, born 12th May 1917
  • Nawab Bahadur Sir MUHAMMED FARID KHAN K.B.E., last Nawab of Amb 1936/1971, born 16th January 1893, he was a significant contributor to the Pakistan movement; married and had issue. He died 1977.
    • Nawab Bahadur Saeed Khan (qv)
  • Nawab Bahadur SAEED KHAN, Nawab of Amb 1971/1972 and Head of the Tanoli Family 1972/1973, born 1934, educated at the Burn Hall School in Abbottabad (now the Army Burn Hall College) and at the Gordon College in Rawalpindi; married and had issue. He died 1973.
    • Nawab Bahadur Salahuddin Khan (qv)
    • HH Khonza Begum Ismat, married HH Mehtar Muhammed Saif-ul-Mulk Nasir of Chitral, and has issue.
    • Nawabzada Jahangir Saeed Tanoli
  • Nawab Bahadur SALAHUDDIN KHAN, Nawab of Amb (see above)

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