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Hatwa (Zamindari)

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Area2,072 km2
DynastyBhumihar Brahmin
LocationBihar (Saran Dist.)
Religion Hinduism
Also known asHathua, Hutwa, Hathwa
Hindi Nameहथुआ
Last Updated11th Jul, 2021

Short History

The Hatwa Raj family, which belongs to a Baghochia Brahman family, is one of the oldest of the aristocratic families of Bihar.

The patronymic of the earlier Rajas was “Sen”; this in the sixteenth descent was changed to “Sinha”, in the eighty-third to “Mal” and in eight-seventh to “Sahi”.

Raja Jai Mal helped Emperor Humayun by providing food and fodder for his troops. The title of “Maharaja” was conferred on Maharaja Kalyan Mal by the Emperor Akbar and that of “Sahi Bahadur” on Maharaja Kshem Karan by the Emperor Jahangir.

Rajas of Hatwa was also known as Rajas of Husepur, because the court of the raja was held at that place.

Present Ruler/Head

Maharaja Bahadur Sri MRIGENDRA PRATAP SAHI, 106th and present Maharaja of Hatwa


  • Raja Beer Sen
  • Raja Sansar Sen
  • Raja Bhora Sen
  • Raja Oudh Sen
  • Raja Roop Sen
  • Raja Shuuker Sen
  • Raja Bhavan Sen
  • Raja Jagannath Sen
  • Raja Thakoor Sen
  • Raja Rudra Sen
  • Raja Jagaroop Sen
  • Raja Muni Sen
  • Raja Sujan Sen
  • Raja Lakshman Sen
  • Raja Nirban Sen
  • Raja Jagat Sinha
  • Raja Amar Sinha
  • Raja Chaiyan Sinha
  • Raja Bharat Sinha
  • Raja Sungram Sinha
  • Raja Anoop Sinha I
  • Raja Murdan Sinha
  • Raja Chett Sinha I
  • Raja Radha Sinha
  • Raja Thakoor Sinha
  • Raja Dabee Sinha
  • Raja Vishnu Sinha I
  • Raja Anoop Sinha II
  • Raja Bhuputi Sinha
  • Raja Horeel Sinha
  • Raja Nilkantya Sinha
  • Raja Jagadeva Sinha
  • Raja Bulbhudra Sinha
  • Raja Karan Sinha
  • Raja Ugra Sinha
  • Raja Achal Sinha I
  • Raja Seova Sinha
  • Raja Oudh Sinha
  • Raja Kanak Sinha
  • Raja Bhora Sinha
  • Raja Sukha Ram Sinha
  • Raja Bhakta Sinha
  • Raja Devaki Sinha
  • Raja Dhaval Sinha
  • Raja Ratna Sinha
  • Raja Nehal Sinha
  • Raja Puttun Sinha
  • Raja Mundir Sinha
  • Raja Gopal Sinha
  • Raja Bhoopal Sinha
  • Raja Khurrga Sinha
  • Raja Itcha Sinha
  • Raja Kubair Sinha
  • Raja Badan Sinha
  • Raja Hem Sinha
  • Raja Guruprasad Sinha
  • Raja Sansar Sinha
  • Raja Baiju Sinha
  • Raja Nil Sinha
  • Raja Swarup Sinha
  • Raja Bulvanta Sinha
  • Raja Uddhar Sinha
  • Raja Bansi Sinha
  • Raja Bal Sinha
  • Raja Rawal Sinha
  • Raja Pushkar Sinha
  • Raja Satyottur Sinha
  • Raja Chett Sinha II
  • Raja Sivanath Sinha
  • Raja Achal Sinha II
  • Raja Kunjar Sinha
  • Raja Nildhar Sinha
  • Raja Dau Sinha
  • Raja Prithvipal Sinha
  • Raja Manharan Sinha
  • Raja Vishnu Sinha II
  • Raja Chandan Sinha
  • Raja Kesari Sinha
  • Raja Swavab Sinha
  • Raja Lohit Sinha
  • Raja Ram Narayan Sinha
  • Raja Surjya Sinha
  • Raja Jai Mal
  • Raja Pratap Mal
  • Raja Goolab Mal
  • Maharaja KALYAN MAL, 86th Maharaja of Hatwa, he was a fearless and able commander, and Padshah Akbar sent him with 5000 foot and 100 horse to check the growing revolt and declaration of independence in Eastern Bihar, he succeeded and was entrusted him with the responsibility of the entire administration of the conquered area and he was granted the title of Maharaja around 1565; he established the village of Kalyanpur about 41 kilometers to the west of the modern Gopalganj (district Siwan) and there he built a big fort; after the death of Akbar, the Mughal administration became weak and Eastern Bihar again rebelled; married and had issue.
    • Maharaja Kshem Karan Sahi Bahadur (qv)
    • Babu Van Mal Sahi, died sp.
  • Maharaja KSHEM KARAN Sahi Bahadur [Isham Karan Sahi], 87th Maharaja of Hatwa, brave like his father, he accompanied him in several battles and after his succession he was commanded by Padshah Jahangir to subdue the revolt in which he succeeded; for this he was granted the title of Bahadur Shahi and was awarded the emblem of Mahe Maratile, the Raja built an extensive and strong fort at Hussepur about 13 kilometres from Kalyanpur and made it his capital; married and had issue.
    • Maharaja Bhupati Sahi Bahadur (qv)
    • Babu Bikram Sahi
    • Babu Shah Mal Sahi
    • Babu Mansinha Sahi
    • Babu Harkrishna Sahi
  • Maharaja BHUPATI Sahi Bahadur, 88th Maharaja of Hatwa, said to be a man of religious temperament; married and had issue.
    • Maharaja Sangram Sahi Bahadur (qv)
  • Maharaja SANGRAM Sahi Bahadur, 89th Maharaja of Hatwa, he was an able administrater and a man of high military capability; married and had issue.
    • Maharaja Rudra Sahi Bahadur (qv)
    • Babu Chattar Sahi
    • Babu Sujjan Sahi
    • Babu Sundar Sahi, married and had issue, descendants at Sikatin.
  • Maharaja RUDRA Sahi Bahadur, 90th Maharaja of Hatwa, married and had issue.
    • Maharaja Gundurha Sahi Bahadur [aka Hamir Sahi Bahadur] (qv)
    • Maharaja Nripati Sahi Bahadur [aka Tribhuvan Sahi Bahadur] (qv)
    • Babu Gambhir Sahi
    • Babu Sumer Sahi
  • Maharaja GUNDURHA Sahi Bahadur, 91st Maharaja of Hatwa, died sp.
  • Maharaja NRIPATI Sahi Bahadur, 92nd Maharaja of Hatwa -/1644, married and had issue. He died 1644.
    • Maharaja Haldhar Sahi Bahadur (qv)
    • Babu Narayan Sahi, married and had issue.
      • Babu Harihar Sahi, married and had issue.
      • Babu Tripta Sahi, married and had issue.
      • Babu Shiva Prasad Sahi
  • Maharaja HALDHAR Sahi Bahadur, 93rd Maharaja of Hatwa 1644/1695, married and had issue. He died 1695.
    • Maharaja Hargovinda Sahi Bahadur (qv)
    • Maharaja Juvaraj Sahi Bahadur (qv)
    • Babu Bhudhar Sahi, died sp.
    • Maharaja Kurtal Sahi Bahadur (qv)
  • Maharaja HARGOVINDA Sahi Bahadur, 94th Maharaja of Hatwa 1695/1714, died sp in 1714.
  • Maharaja JUVARAJ Sahi Bahadur, 95th Maharaja of Hatwa 1714/1737, during his reign he seized Sipah pargana from an Afghan chief, who had made himself semi independent in North Bihar; married and had issue.
    • Maharaja Chett Sahi Bahadur (qv)
    • Babu Brajraj Sahi, died vpsp.
    • Babu Barijar Sahi, died vpsp.
  • Maharaja CHETT Sahi Bahadur, 96th Maharaja of Hatwa 1737/1744, died sp.
  • Maharaja KURTAL Sahi Bahadur, 97th Maharaja of Hatwa in 1744, married and had issue.
    • Maharaja Sardar Sahi Bahadur (qv)
    • Babu Inderjit Sahi, married and had issue.
      • Babu Basant Sahi, he assisted the Government in trying to arrest Fateh Sahi, but in 1775, he was surprised by the rebel and killed; married and had issue. He died 4th May 1775.
      • Babu Mohesh Dutt Sahi [Mahes Datt Sahi], he followed in his fathers footsteps, and the Goverment was about to proclaim him the rightful successor of the rebel Fateh Sahi when he died, leaving a son; married and had issue. He died 1790.
      • Maharaja Chattardhari Sahi Bahadur (qv)
      • Babu Ishwar Prasad Sahi
  • Maharaja SARDAR Sahi Bahadur, 98th Maharaja of Hatwa and Raja of Hussepur 1744/1747, he was an able soldier and military commander; he took part in several battles during his youth and co-operated with Nawab Ali Verdi Khan on a number of occasions; he fought with and defeated Majhauli Raj, and destroyed their garh or fort, and imposed as terms of peace on the Raja of Majhauli, the condition that he and his descendants were not to display their nishans and dunkas; married and had issue.
    • Maharajkumar Sarvardarman Sahi, married and had issue. He died vp.
      • Babu Rossan Sahi, died vpsp.
    • Maharaja Fateh Sahi Bahadur (qv)
  • Maharaja FATEH Sahi Bahadur, 99th Maharaja of Hatwa 1747/1789, he inherited the bravery and courage of his father and co-operated with Mir Qasim who continued to get his military assistance from Monghyr up to Buxar in Bihar, in his struggles against the Mughal Emperor; he opposed the Dewani powers gained by the British over Bengal, Bihar and Orissa by virtue of the Treaty of Allahabad in 1765; he joined forces with the Raja of Bettiah in opposing the British until they reached a compromise with Bettiah, whereupon he continued alone; the East India Company promised his cousin, Babu Basant Sahi the throne if he would apprehend or kill him, but he killed his cousin at Yadavpur in 1775; he later established Tamkuhi State about 109 kilometres from Hussepur, north-east of present day Deoria within the Kingdom of Oudh; seeing the growing influence and power of the E.I.C., Maharaja Fateh Sahi changed his tatctics and around 1789, he ceased his rebellious ways and handed the administration of the state to his sons, he left home and became Sanyasi; married and had issue.
    • Babu Arimardan Sahi, died sp.
    • Babu Dalmardan Sahi, married and had issue.
      • Raja Dilip Sahi (of Tamkuhi?), died sp.
    • Babu Sumeshwar Sahi, married and had issue.
      • Babu Jangajit Sahi, died sp.
      • Babu Samant Sahi
    • Babu Ranbahadur Sahi, married and had issue.
      • Raja Prithvipal Sahi of Tamkuhi (qv)
      • Babu Dalthumban Sahi

COURT OF WARDS 1789/1802

  • Maharaja CHATTARDHARI Sahi Bahadur, 100th Maharaja of Hatwa 1789/1858, born 1781, he was granted the estates of Fateh Sahi in the Decennial Settlement of 1790 by Lord Cornwallis after inquiring into all the facts and the usages of the family; he was granted the title of Maharaja Bahadur on 10th September 1837; he rendered most valuable services to the Government at the time of the Santal insurrection, and again during the Mutiny of 1857, and was rewarded with the grant of a portion of the confiscated estates of the rebel Raja of Jagdishpur, Kunwar Singh; married the daughter of Raja Ganga Prasad of Sheohar, and had issue. He died 16th March 1858 in Hutwa at an advanced age.
    • Maharajkumar Ramsahai Sahi, married and had issue. He died vp.
      • Babu Devaraj Sahi
      • Babu Ugrapratap Sahi, married and had issue, he waived his succession rights in favour of his son, married and had issue.
        • Maharaja Rajendra Pratap Sahi Bahadur (qv)
    • Kumar Prithvipal Sahi, married and had issue.
      • Babu Tilakdhari Sahi, married and had issue.
        • Babu Narendra Pratap Sahi, married and had issue.
          • Babu Shiva Pratap Sahi
          • Babu Deoki Nandan Pratap Sahi
      • Babu Bir Pratap Sahi
    • Kumari (name unknown), married and had issue.
      • Kumari (name unknown), married and had issue.
        • Lt.Col. HH Maharaja Shri Sir Prabhu Narayan Singh Bahadur of Benares.
  • Maharaja RAJENDRA PRATAP Sahi Bahadur, 101st Maharaja of Hatwa [16.3.1858] – [xx.7.1871], born 1838, he was granted the title of Maharaja Bahadur in October 1858; married and had issue, one son. He died in July 1871.
    • Maharaja Sir Krishan Pratap Sahi Bahadur (qv)
  • Maharaja Sir KRISHNA PRATAP SAHI Bahadur K.C.I.E., 102nd Maharaja of Hatwa [xx.7.1871] – [20.10.1896], born in October 1857, educated privately under the direction of the Court of Wards, he succeeded his father in 1871, though administration of the state was under the Court of Wards until he attained his majority in 1874, and was duly installed on 31st August of that same year at a Durbar during which he also was granted the title of Maharaja Bahadur and a Medal of Distinction at the Imperial Durbar in Delhi in 1877; he was created a Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire in 1889; married and had issue. He died 20th October 1896, after a painful and lingering illness of six months.
    • Maharajkumar Shiva Pratap Sahi, died vpsp.
    • Maharaja Guru Mahadev Ashram Prasad Sahi Bahadur (qv)
    • Maharajkumari (name unknown), born 1895.
  • Maharaja GURU MAHADEV ASHRAM PRASAD Sahi Bahadur, 103rd Maharaja of Hatwa 1896/-, born 19th July 1893, succeeded as a minor 1896, he was granted the title of Maharaja Bahadur in 1914, and took charge of the estate some months later in July 1914 and was installed on 2nd December 1914 in a ceremony performed by Sir Charles Stewart Bayly, Lieutenant-Governor of Bihar and Orissa; married and had issue. He died after 1946.
  • Maharaja Bahadur Sri GOPESHWAR PRASAD SAHI, 104th Maharaja of Hatwa, married Maharani Durgeshwari Devi, and had issue.
    • Maharaja Bahadur Mrigendra Pratap Sahi (qv)
    • Maharaj Kumar Brajeshwar Prasad Sahi
  • Maharaja Bahadur Sri MRIGENDRA PRATAP SAHI, 105th Maharaja of Hatwa (see above)

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