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Glossary

NameDefinition
ADAnno Domini, i.e. in the year of our Lord referring to the year of Christ’s birth
ADCaide-de-camp. A military officer who serves as an adjutant to a higher-ranking officer, prince or other high political dignitary.
AmirArabic term which signifies a chief, prince and commandar
Ahsan JangExcellent in war
Ali JahOf exalted dignity
Amin ud-DaulaTrustee of the State
AmirPrince, chief
Amir ud-Daula Sayyid ul-Mulk Mumtaz JangA prince of the State, distinguished in war
Amir ul-UmaraChief of the nobles
Arustu-i-ZamanAristotle of His Time
Asaf JahAs noble and exalted as Asaf, the grand vizier of King Solomon according to the Muslims
AzamGreat
Azam ul-UmaraThe greatest of the nobles
Azim ul-IqtidarMost powerful
BadshahOr Padishah, from pad, ‘a seat,’ ‘a throne,’ and shah, a prince — meaning Emperor, Monarch, Sovereign; the title of supreme sovereign among the Indians, Persians, and Turks.
BahadurBrave; a hero; at the end of a name a title = the English “Honourable”
Bahadur DesaiDesai (Mar.), ruler of a province
Bahadur JangBrave in war
Brar BansOffspring of a Barar (a Jat tribe. The Raja of Faridkot is head of the tribe — Griffin.
Barar Bans SarmurSarmur, crowned head
BegumLady, queen
Beglar BegiLord of lords
BhanwarTitle of a Rajput Noble during the lifetime of their grandfather
Bhanwar BaisaTitle of a Rajput girl during the lifetime of their grandfather
BhumiaFrom Bhum (Earth, land, soil, ground). A proprietor. A landlord.
BhupSovereign, king
BrijendraLord of Braj, an epithet of Krishna
Chhatrapati MaharajLord of the umbrella. A king entitled to have an umbrella carried over him as a mark of dignity.
Court of WardsA legal body created by the East India Company served the purpose of safeguarding heirs and their estates when the heir was considered a minor, a person who has not attained his majority and, consequently, is incapable of independent action. See Ward.
DarbarDarbar (or Durbar) is speculated to have been a Persian term, meaning a court or levee, a state council, or a ceremonial gathering. It is a very ancient Indian institution where the Indian Ruler sits to entertain strangers, receive petitions and presents, give commands, and see and to be seen; it is customary to address a Chief as Darbar in Kathiawar.
DeshmukhAn hereditary native under the former Marathi Governments
Diler JangIntrepid in war
Dinkar RaoDinkar (Sanskrit), Day-maker, the sun. See Rao.
DiwanA minister, a chief officer of State
dspldecessit sine prole legitima (Latin, ‘died without legitimate issue’)
dspdecessit sine prole (Latin, ‘died without issue’)
dspmdecessit sine prole mascula [superstite] (Latin, ‘died without surviving male issue’)
dspmldecessit sine prole mascula legitima (Latin, ‘died without legitimate male issue’)
dspmsdecessit sine prole mascula superstite (Latin, ‘died without surviving male issue’)
dspsdecessit sine prole superstite (Latin, ‘died without surviving issue’)
Farzand-i-Arjumand, Aqidat-Paiwand-i-Daulat-i-InglishiaBeloved and faithful son of the English Government
Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-ul-Itiqad-i-Daulat-i-InglishiaBeloved and trusty son of the English Government
Farzand-i-Dilpazir-i-Daulat-i-InglishiaEsteemed son of the English Government
Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-InglishiaFavourite son of the English Government
Farzand-i-S’aadat Nishan-i-Hazrat-i-Kaiser-i-HindA son emblematical of the good auspices of Her Majesty the Empress of India
Fateh JungVictorious in War
Fidvi-i-Hazrat-i-Malikha-i-Muaz-zama-i-Rafi-ud-Darja-i-InglistanA servant of Her August Majesty the Queen of England, who is exalted in position
FRAMFellow of the Royal Academy of Music
FRASFellow of the Royal Asiatic Society
FRCMFellow of the Royal College of Music
FRCPFellow of the Royal College of Physicians
FRGSFellow of the Royal Geographical Society
FRSFellow of the Royal Society
Gambhir RaoSagacious Chief
GhorpadeKaransinh and his son Bhimsinh scaled the walls of the otherwise impregnable hill fort of Khelna (Vishalgad/Vishalgarh) by means of a rope tied to a monitor lizard, called “Ghorpad” in Marathi, and for this gallant service, received the title Raja Ghorpade Bahadur along with a Jagir of 84 villages at Mudhol from the Bahamani Sultan.
Hafiz ul-MulkGuardian of the Country
H.E.H.His Exalted Highness, title created for the Nizams of Hyderabad and Berar.
On 24th October 1936, a new Agreement was concluded between the King Emperor and the Nizam, definitively recognizing and re-affirming Nizam sovereignty over Berar and allowing for its administration with the Central Provinces under the Government of India Act, 1935; the King-Emperor commanded that, with effect from 18th November 1936, the Nizam and his successors shall hold the dynastic title of “His Exalted Highness the Nizam of Hyderabad and Berar” in recognition of his sovereignty in the territory of Berar, and further to grant the title of “His Highness the Prince of Berar” to the Heir-Apparent of His Exalted Highness the Nizam of Hyderabad and Berar and of his successor.
H.H.A title of respect used to address rulers of salute states or their wives, it is typically used with a possessive adjective: “His Highness (for a man),” “Her Highness (for a woman),” “Their Highnesses (the plural of H.H.),” and the form used to address a ruler or his wife is Your Highness.
Himmat BahadurBrave champion
Hisam us-SultanatSword of the Empire
Hizabr JangLion of the battle
Ihtisham ud-DaulaPomp of the State
Ihtisham ul-MulkPomp of the Country
Imad ul-MulkPillar of the State
IndarIndra
Jai DeoGod of victory
Jalal ud-DaulaGlory of the State
JamChief
KhanLord, prince, title of Muslim nobles
Khan BahadurBrave lord
KhanzadaSon of a Khan
KiritapatiPossessor of the diadem
KulasekharaHead (Shekhara) of the race (Kulam)
KumarPrince
KunwarPrince, title for a son of a living Rajput Noble
LokendraProtector of the world
mahagreat
MahantHead of a religious order
Mahand Raj SabhaThe Mahand Raj Sabha, or Council of Direction and Revision, was the highest tribunal in Mewar (Udaipur State), composed of nobles and officials of the State.
Maharajtitle used by collateral descendants of a princely state, particularly in Rajasthan
MaharajkumarSon of a Maharaja
Maharaj RanaSupreme Rana or king
MaharajaGreat Raja or king
MaharajadhirajLord Paramount, king of kings
NazranaTributes and Presents. It was paid to the supreme ruler of a state on different occasions and under various circumstances by his subjects, especially by prominent vassals and dignitaries, in token of their loyal allegiance and unflinching cooperation and help.
néeUsed to indicate the original, former, or legal name.
q.v.Literally, “which see,” the letters stand for the Latin words quod vide, which serve to indicate that more facts on a term are available elsewhere, thereby directing the reader to other entries for further information.
WardA person in respect of whose person or the whole or any part of whose property, or of whose person and property, the Court of Wards has assumed superintendence.